Philadelphia has the fifth largest Muslim population among American cities.[121]. The city is home to a number of art organizations including the regional art advocacy nonprofit Philadelphia Tri-State Artists Equity,[164] the Philadelphia Sketch Club, one of the country's oldest artists' clubs,[165] and The Plastic Club, started by women excluded from the Sketch Club. The number of reported major crimes fell 11 percent in three years to 68,815 occurrences in 2014. For every 100 females, there were 89.4 males; while among individuals age 18 and over, for every 100 females, there were 85.7 males. West Texas, in places like Amarillo and El Paso, gets more snow than the rest of the state – some areas receiving over 10 inches of snow each year on average. Light freezing rain was reported as far south as Laredo, Kingsville and Corpus Christi, Texas. In 2005, the district-run schools scored an average of 37.4% on math and 35.5% on reading. [307], Beginning in the 1980s, large sections of the SEPTA Regional Rail service to the far suburbs of Philadelphia were discontinued due to a lack of funding for equipment and infrastructure maintenance. [321], The Delaware River Port Authority operates four bridges in the Philadelphia area across the Delaware River to New Jersey: the Walt Whitman Bridge (I-76), the Benjamin Franklin Bridge (I-676 and U.S. 30), the Betsy Ross Bridge (New Jersey Route 90), and the Commodore Barry Bridge (U.S. 322 in Delaware County, south of the city). In records dating to 1875, they never previously had two such heavy snow days in the same winter, much less within 3 days. Philly soul music of the late 1960s–1970s is a highly produced version of soul music which led to later forms of popular music such as disco and urban contemporary rhythm and blues. [63] After the 1950 Census, when a record high of 2,071,605 was recorded, the city's population began a long decline. Found inside – Page 228Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.) which the drops of rain are not permitted to fall back through the ascending current , but are thrown outwards , at a ... Snow from this storm set records in Arkansas and Texas. South Philadelphia remains one of the largest Italian neighborhoods in the country and is home to the Italian Market. [318] More than 30 million passengers pass through the airport annually on 25 airlines, including all major domestic carriers. This application allows the quick viewing of National Weather Service (NWS) issued Local Storm Reports (LSR). The 548 ft (167 m) City Hall remained the tallest building in the city until 1987 when One Liberty Place was completed. [100] According to the same report, the city experienced a significant reduction in high ozone days since 2001—from nearly 50 days per year to fewer than 10—along with fewer days of high particle pollution since 2000—from about 19 days per year to about 3—and an approximate 30% reduction in annual levels of particle pollution since 2000. [333] In 2005, SEPTA reintroduced trolley service to the Girard Avenue Line, Route 15. After many of the old manufacturers and businesses left Philadelphia or shut down, the city started attracting service businesses and began to market itself more aggressively as a tourist destination. [104] In 2013, the city reported having 668,247 total housing units, down slightly from 670,171 housing units in 2010. In 1655, a Dutch military campaign led by New Netherland Director-General Peter Stuyvesant took control of the Swedish colony, ending its claim to independence. The Birth of Pennsylvania, 1680, by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris – William Penn, holding paper, and King Charles II, Penn's Treaty with the Indians by Benjamin West, John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence – the Committee of Five presents their draft in Independence Hall, June 28, 1776. [citation needed] July averages 78.7 °F (25.9 °C),[citation needed] although heat waves accompanied by high humidity and heat indices are frequent, with highs reaching or exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) on 30 days of the year. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.20. Other intercity bus services include Megabus with stops at 30th Street Station and the visitor center for Independence Hall,[330] BoltBus (operated by Greyhound) at 30th Street Station,[331] OurBus at various stops in the city. [108], In 2010, 24.9 percent of households reported having children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.3 percent were married couples living together and 22.5 percent had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0 percent had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.2 percent were non-families. [44] In 1793, the largest yellow fever epidemic in U.S. history killed approximately 4,000 to 5,000 people in Philadelphia, or about 10% of the city's population.[45][46]. [102], The 2010 Census redistricting data indicated that the racial makeup of the city was 644,287 (42.2%) Black (non-Hispanic), 562,585 (36.9%) White (non-Hispanic), 96,405 (6.3%) Asian (2.0% Chinese, 1.2% Indian, 0.9% Vietnamese, 0.4% Korean, 0.3% Filipino, 0.1% Japanese, and 1.4% other), 6,996 (0.5%) Native Americans, 744 (0.05%) Pacific Islanders, and 43,070 (2.8%) from two or more races. Each of those seven districts recorded more than a thousand violent crimes in 2014. [338] Today, the Philadelphia Water Department (PWD) provides drinking water, wastewater collection, and stormwater services for Philadelphia, as well as surrounding counties. Industry, along with the U.S. Centennial, was celebrated in 1876 with the Centennial Exposition, the first official World's fair in the United States. The Pennsport neighborhood and Gray's Ferry section of South Philadelphia, home to many Mummer clubs, are well known as Irish neighborhoods. Philadelphia is one of the oldest municipalities in the United States. favorite this post [236], Pennsylvania's three appellate courts also have sittings in Philadelphia. Found inside – Page 142... February 19 , 1979 , with more than 14 inches of snow accumulation . As a result , the snow reduced the effective roadway widths on the Philadelphia ... The mayor ordered citizens to essentially shelter in place, instructing businesses to remain closed until the snow was melted and roads were no longer icy. Snow and Ice Accumulation Forecasts; River and Precip Info; Forecast Model Data; NWS State College Home; Click Map For Forecast Disclaimer. [34] Lenape communities were weakened by newly introduced diseases, mainly smallpox, and violent conflict with Europeans. [275], In 2014, Philadelphia enacted an ordinance decriminalizing the possession of less than 30 grams of marijuana or 8 grams of hashish; the ordinance gave police officers the discretion to treat possession of these amounts as a civil infraction punishable by a $25 ticket, rather than a crime. The African Methodist Episcopal Church was established in Philadelphia. The same study says that other religions collectively compose about 8% of the population, including Judaism, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, and Hinduism. [171] The Curtis Institute of Music is one of the world's premier conservatories and among the most selective institutes of higher education in the United States.[172]. [88] Seasonal snowfall accumulation has ranged from trace amounts in 1972–73 to 78.7 inches (200 cm) in the winter of 2009–10. A number of philosophical societies were formed, which were centers of the city's intellectual life: the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture (1785), the Pennsylvania Society for the Encouragement of Manufactures and the Useful Arts (1787), the Academy of Natural Sciences (1812), and the Franklin Institute (1824). Type at least three characters to start auto complete. [203] In 2004, ESPN placed Philadelphia second on its list of The Fifteen Most Tortured Sports Cities. [191], Philadelphia's first professional sports team was baseball's Athletics, organized in 1860. History museums include the National Constitution Center, the Museum of the American Revolution, the Philadelphia History Museum, the National Museum of American Jewish History, the African American Museum in Philadelphia, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Masonic Library and Museum of Pennsylvania in the Masonic Temple, and the Eastern State Penitentiary. The Swedish and Finnish settlers continued to have their own militia, religion, and court, and to enjoy substantial autonomy under the Dutch. The rise in population of the surrounding districts helped lead to the Act of Consolidation of 1854, which extended the city limits from the 2 square miles (5.2 km2) of Center City to the roughly 134 square miles (350 km2) of Philadelphia County. The resulting reduction in Philadelphia's tax base and the resources of local government caused the city to struggle through a long period of adjustment, with it approaching bankruptcy by the late 1980s. [88][b] The city's heaviest single-storm snowfall was 30.7 in (78 cm) which occurred in January 1996. [187] The Philadelphia dialect, which is spread throughout the Delaware Valley and South Jersey, is part of a larger Mid-Atlantic American English family, a designation that also includes the Baltimore dialect. Here are some helpful navigation tips and features. [276][277] Philadelphia was at the time the largest city to decriminalize the possession of marijuana. [100], According to the 2020 United States Census Bureau estimate, there were 1,603,797 people residing in Philadelphia, representing a 1.2% increase from the 2019 census. The Pennsylvania Railroad first operated Broad Street Station, then 30th Street Station and Suburban Station, and the Reading Railroad operated Reading Terminal, now part of the Pennsylvania Convention Center. The three plants can treat up to 546 million gallons of water per day, while the total storage capacity of the combined plant and distribution system exceeds one billion gallons. Today, Katie writes for the Texas and Arizona pages of OnlyInYourState.com and has never been more passionate about a job before. [41][42] The city hosted the First Continental Congress (1774) before the Revolutionary War; the Second Continental Congress (1775–76),[43] which signed the United States Declaration of Independence, during the war; and the Constitutional Convention (1787) after the war. [226], From a governmental perspective, Philadelphia County is a legal nullity, as all county functions were assumed by the city in 1952. Found inside – Page 274Philadelphia , 312 Pa . 214 , snow commenced to fall at about six o'clock A. M. January 28 , 1928 , and continued throughout the day until four o'clock ... Less than 1% of Philadelphia's Christians were Mormons. Opinions on weather and climate by AccuWeather's top experts. [342] Founded in 1836, the company came under city ownership in 1987 and has been providing the majority of gas distributed within city limits. [49], Philadelphia's 1952 Home Rule Charter was written by the City Charter Commission, which was created by the Pennsylvania General Assembly in an act of April 21, 1949, and a city ordinance of June 15, 1949. [227] The city has been coterminous with the county since 1854. The city's 25- to 29-year-old age group was the city's largest age cohort. [108], Of the city's public high schools, including charter schools, only four performed above the national average on the SAT (1497 out of 2400[140]) in 2014: Masterman, Central, Girard, and MaST Community Charter School. [146] Philadelphia alone has 67 National Historic Landmarks, the third most of any city in the country. U.S. Route 30 (Lancaster Avenue) extends westward from West Philadelphia to Lancaster. The storm brought portions of southern Arkansas 10 to 14 inches of snowfall. [144] The University of Pennsylvania, Temple University, Drexel University, and Thomas Jefferson University comprise the city's nationally ranked research universities. [346], Philadelphia also has three partnership cities or regions:[355], Philadelphia has eight official sister cities as designated by the Citizen Diplomacy International of Philadelphia:[355] Philadelphia has dedicated landmarks to its sister cities. [256] All three representatives are Democrats though Republicans still have some support in the city, primarily in the Northeast. [304], Philadelphia is served by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) which operates buses, trains, rapid transit (subway and elevated trains), trolleys, and trackless trolleys (electric buses) throughout Philadelphia, the four Pennsylvania suburban counties of Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery, in addition to service to Mercer County, New Jersey (Trenton) and New Castle County, Delaware (Wilmington and Newark, Delaware). Found inside – Page 100Snow accumulation and soil moisture are being measured in logged and ... Effects of Proposed Channel Enlargement between Philadelphia and Trenton ; 100. Found inside – Page 23... overflow of small streams in the immediate Philadelphia , Pa . , area during the early ... The highest January snow accumulation was in 1925 , when 26. By the 1750s, Philadelphia had surpassed Boston to become the largest city and busiest port in British America, and second in the British Empire after London. [138], The city's K-12 enrollment in district–run schools dropped from 156,211 students in 2010 to 130,104 students in 2015. 1,102,620 / 1,567,872 = 70.3% (registered voters divided by 2016 population estimate). According to the National Weather Service, the record snowfall for the city of Jacksonville is 1.9 inches (4.8 cm), which fell on February 12, 1899. [177] The Philadelphia area has many establishments that serve cheesesteaks, including restaurants, taverns, delicatessens and pizza parlors. [17] Philadelphia is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania and is home to five Fortune 1000 companies. [14] The city's population doubled from one million to two million people between 1890 and 1950. [93], Philadelphia County received an ozone grade of F and a 24-hour particle pollution rating of D in the American Lung Association's 2017 State of the Air report, which analyzed data from 2013 to 2015. 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